Developmental Education Coursework and Student Success Rates

Placement in developmental education coursework is one of the best indicators of student success. Student Success defined broadly as:

  • Enrollment and completion of developmental coursework as a bridge into required college level Mathematics and English
  • Continuous enrollment as measured by next semester and next year persistence
  • Completion of attempted course credits with grade c or better
  • Accumulation of 12 and 24 colleges credits at the end of first and second years of enrollment
  • Overall college completion and graduation

Using Voluntary Framework of Accountability (VFA) Measures and among first-time-in-college students:

a) A student who placed in a developmental math has about 13% chance of completing a college level math, if placed in developmental English has 45% chance of passing a college level English

b) If a student enrolls in a fall semester, the college ready student has 80% chance of returning the following spring semester and 62% chance of returning the following fall semester. On the other hand, a student placed in at least one developmental coursework has 76% chance of returning the following spring semester and only 47% chance of returning the following fall semester

c) In fall 2014, among all students who enrolled, 66% of the end of semester grades of all courses enrolled were C or better (C includes, C+, C, C-). Among college ready students, 72.2% of the grades awarded were C or better. For students placed in at least one developmental coursework only 58.4% of their grades were C or better.

d) In fall 2012, among full-time first-time-in-college students, 56% of all the students had accumulated 12 or more college credits at the end of their first year and 45% of them had completed 24 college credits at the end of their second year. For students who were college ready, 72.4% of had completed 12 or more college credits and 61% completed 24 or more college credits at the end of their first second year respectively. On the other hand, among students who were placed in at least one developmental coursework, 43.2% completed college credits at the end of their first year and 33% completed 24 credits at the end of their second year.

e) Using the more comprehensive six-year student outcome measures of the VFA

  • Among all first-time in college students who entered the college in fall 2008:
    • About 20% completed their associate/certificate degree with or without transfer
    • 33% transferred without their associate/certificate degree
    • 5% were still enrolled in their sixth year
    • 14% left having completed 30 or more credits
    • 28% left with less than 30 credits
  • Among College ready students:
    • About 26% completed their associate/certificate degree with or without transfer
    • 38% transferred without their associate/certificate degree
    • 5% were still enrolled in their sixth year
    • 14% left having completed 30 or more credits
    • 18% left with less than 30 credits
  • ยท Among students who were placed into developmental coursework:
    • About 16% completed their associate/certificate degree with or without transfer
    • 30% transferred without their associate/certificate degree
    • 5% were stilled enrolled in their sixth year
    • 14% left having completed 30 or more credits
    • 35% left with less than 30 credits